Tag: encoding

The Coding Manual for Qualitative Researchers

saldana-textThe Coding Manual gives researchers comprehensive information and examples of codes, coding, and analytic memo writing during qualitative data collection.  32 coding methods are profiled that can be applied to different kinds of research. Readers will learn how to apply codes and themes through exercises and activities. The manual includes samples of field notes, interview transcripts, and other documents. There is also a glossary of analytic recommendations. Any researcher can benefit from the vast amount of information in this book, but it’s particularly useful for those making their first attempts at analyzing qualitative data.


Saldana, J. (2010). The Coding Manual for Qualitative Researchers. London: Sage Publications Ltd.


Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes

Capture10This book provides practical methods for taking notes during participant observation. It includes examples of jottings, transcribing notes taken in the field and developing them into narratives, and then drawing meaning from what has been recorded. The authors also discuss ways of coding and theming field notes and how to write an ethnography. Beginning ethnographers will find a great deal of information in this that can make first attempts at research progress smoothly. Simply having examples of field notes to refer to makes this book an invaluable reference.


Emerson, R.M., Fretz, R.I., & Shaw, L.L. (2011). Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes. Chicago: University Of Chicago Press.

danah boyd at the 2013 NAIS Annual Conference

Ethnographer danah boyd has ideas for parents and other adults to help teens navigate social media in this video. boyd describes the ways interactions can happen in public without being public and how teens accept that public is default and private is something that must be chosen. She also addresses social etiquette and ways teens try to separate online social situations. Parents and adults who work with kids can learn a lot from boyd, especially if they’ve experienced conflict over “public” posts that teens don’t want parents to see.


[National Association of Independent Schools (NAIS)]. (2013, March 19). danah boyd at the 2013 NAIS Annual Conference. [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_YOR69TBxBA

danah boyd: It’s Complicated: Teen Privacy in a Networked Age

In this video, ethnographer danah boyd discusses the often innovative ways teenagers navigate privacy issues online. boyd makes the distinction between teens who want to participate in public, but not be public. boyd describes ways that different networks have different levels of privacy expectations. Included in this talk is the concept that there are rules of etiquette for the internet (social networking) and that these rules have to be learned and respected. Parents and others who work with teenagers can learn a great deal from boyd’s research, which provides a lot of insight into when and where teens expect their online lives to be observed by others.


[Family Online Safety Institute]. (2013, November 19). FOSI 2013- danah boyd: It’s Complicated: Teen Privacy in a Networked Age. [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5t9ck8K1Ddc